Schwäbisch-Hällisches Landschwein

Native Name Schwäbisch-Hällisches Schwein
Local Name Mohrenköpfle

 

Origin and distribution

Origin South Germany
Regional focus Hohenlohe, region in north east Baden-Württemberg (Germany)

 

Characteristic features

Milk yield High
Colour Head and rear black center white
Ears Big black slap ears
Special White snout and tail tip preferred

 

Population development

Year 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
No. of breeding males 33 22 25 26 44
No. of breeding females 204 178 205 258 329
Females registered in herd books 204 178 205 258 329

 

Trait

♂ Males ♀ Females
Ø Hight at withers (cm) 95 86
Ø Weight (kg) 350 250

 

Performance

Use piglet production
Special performance High quality meat, MHS NN, stress resistant, well adapted to outdoor housing, High fertility, high milk yield, good maternal traits
♂ Males ♀ Females
Ø number of litters/year 2,19
Ø litter size 10,7
Ø number of weaned piglets 9,7
Ø daily weight gain (gramm) 760,00
Ø feed conversion ratio 3,00

 

Carcass traits

Ø slaughter weight (kg) 109,00
Ø carcass weight (kg) 84,20
Ø BFT (mm) 3,00

 

Breeding history

On the orders of King Wilhelm I, masked pigs were imported from Central China in 1820/21, in order to improve pig breeding in the kingdom of Baden-Württemberg. This crossbreeding with the “Chinese pigs” was particularly successful within the stocks of domestic pigs in the Hohenlohe region and the area around the town of Schwäbisch Hall. The new breed of Schwäbisch Hall pigs that was thus brought into being soon counted for more than 99% of all the pigs in that area. In the decades following the 2nd World War, however, people’s tastes changed and they wanted lean, long-ribbed types of pig, and so the numbers began to decline dramatically. At the beginning of the 1980s, the domestic pig of Schwäbisch Hall was thought to have become extinct. In 1984, thefarmer Rudolf Bühler gathered the remaining seven original sows and two boars and reestablished the SHL population. In 1986 he founded the breeders’ association and in 1988 the producers’ association (BESH) as a sister organisation for slaughtering and marketing.The BESH, which originally comprised of 8 founding members, has since developed into a large company group in which over 1000 farms are associated. The marketing of the pork, which was registered as PGI in 1998, today only constitutes one element of a diversified production programme of the association. However, it was the initial project and provided the basis for the expansion that took place over the years.

 

Marketing concept

Fresh meat and ham, sausages and other products made of pork are sold on a niche market for high quality regional products. The meat is labelled as PGI (Protected Geographical Indication). The pigs have to be born, raised and fattened in the county Schwäbisch Hall or in one of the 5 neighboured counties. The PGI-SH-Meat is produced with special standards comprising the region, animal welfare and GMO-free feed.
The sausages are produced directly at the slaughterhouse. They are made without any technological or artificial additives. The association of farmers “Bäuerliche Erzeugergemeinschaft Schwäbisch Hall” organizes the marketing and distribution of the products.

 

Typical products

  • Fresh meat with PGI (Protected Geographical Indication)
  • Ham
  • Sausage

 

Famers Association

Fresh meat with PGI (Protected Geographical Indication
www.besh.de

 

Purchase possibilities